DESTINAȚIA: TRANSILVANIA – Localnicii păstrează de veacuri vechi,Vâltoarea !
„Vâltoarea” | Cel Mai Bun Mod De a Vă Spala Rufele Ca Acum 2000 de Ani | Fără Electricitate
Gepostet von Medeea Greere am Montag, 25. Mai 2020
Pe râul Isticeu, un afluent important al râului Gurghiu, într-o zonă în care a fost construit un baraj, frații Vasile și Florea, au construit o „vâltoare” (folosită pentru spălarea hainelor în râu) și o moară , așa cum existau când erau ei copii și încă există astazi pe valea râului Gurghiu.
Eforturile lor au fost încununate de succes, deoarece au reușit să construiască cea mai mare vâltoare din zona văii râului Gurghiu și din acest motiv femeile din zonă își programează locul înaintea celor două mari sărbători creștine: Crăciunul și Paștele.
Cei doi frați au cioplit un trunchi mare de copac, l-au scobit și au așezat în el bârne de peste doi metri înălțime, așezate într-o formă conică, cu mici goluri între ele, pe care le-au fixat pe pământ. Pe partea inferioară a acestui con inversat a fost plasat un material impermeabil pentru a proteja de degradare, având în vedere că apa are forță mare.
Pentru a folosi vortexul, frații au construit o streașină bătută pe care femeile o eliberează atunci când doresc să se spele pentru ca apa să formeze un vortex puternic. În acest vortex, femeile aruncă haine, cearceafuri, paltoane, covoare, covoare, articole din lână indiferent de mărime și fără detergenți sau alte substanțe, obținand haine curate și aerate după cel mult 20 de minute de spălare.
Văzând succesul pe care l-a avut valtoarea în rândul femeilor din sat, cei doi frați au decis să construiască ceva și pentru bărbați și, ca atare, au construit un alt jgheab, lângă valtoare, pentru a dirija apa către o roată de moară care alimentează un ferăstrău.
În comunele Hodac și Ibanesti, pe valea râului Gurghiu, există încă două sau trei vâltori, dar în urmă cu 30-40 de ani, existau în jur de 70 , deoarece deținerea unuia era o afacere destul de profitabilă.
Comuna Hodac este situată pe valea râului Gurghiu, la o altitudine de 650-700 de metri, în cursul râurilor Gurghiu și Isticeu, în partea de jos a munților Gurghiu, la 48 de kilometri de Târgu Mureș, populația locală fiind cea mai mare parte preocupată cu prelucrarea lemnului, agricultură și zootehnie, precum și artizanat articole tradiționale și agroturism.
DESTINATION: TRANSYLVANIA – Locals Keep Centuries-Old Habit -‘VALTOAREA’ – The Best Old Fashioned Way For Washing Laundry Without Electricity
On the Isticeu River, an important tributary of the Gurghiu River, in an area in which a dam was built to make a waterfall, brothers Vasile and Florea ,started building a ‘valtoare’ (whirlpool used for washing clothes in the river) and mill, as they existed when they were children and still exist on the Gurghiu River valley.
Their efforts were crowned with success, as they managed to build the largest whirlpool in the Gurghiu River valley area, and for this reason the women in the area crowd the place before the two large Christian Holidays: Christmas and Easter.
The two brothers carved a large tree trunk, hollowed it, and placed pickets in it over two meters high, placed in a conical shape with small gaps between them that they affixed to the ground. On the bottom of this inverted cone a waterproof material was placed to protect the whirlpool from degradation, given that the water has the highest force in that area.
In order to use the whirlpool, the brothers built a dammed eave that the women free when they want to wash in order for the water to form the powerful whirlpool. In this whirlpool women throw clothes, sheets, coats, carpets, rugs, wool items regardless of size, and without detergents or other substances, get clean, aerated clothes after no more than 20 minutes of washing.
“We thought that when we were 10 years old we had some of these (‘valtori’ — e.n.) made and we thought in the ’90’s to build one here for us. We saw that the water can be diverted and we did it. The women wash and come with clothes like those that you give a woman when she’s to be married, and we don’t ask for a thing.
Some bring a fele (traditional unit of measurement — roughly equal to 750 ml — e.n.) of plum brandy, others a bottle of wine and they say ‘they worked a bit there’. But it’s good that way, because we’re in the village. We have the Isticeu river, we dug a trough and then we came with boards and placed ash boards in the whirlpool so that they resist longer, they’re water resistant. The women said we had to do it from wood that would hold.
The ‘valtoare’ lasts for about 20 years, then the water destroys the wood and another one is made. The first was made of beech, then we changed it. The water comes down the sluice — we have a block for protection, so that if a mother comes with her child to the whirlpool and he falls in the ditch, he stops there, because if he falls in the whirlpool you’ll never get him out. The protection is for everything, so that logs or dirt don’t enter the whirlpool”, said Vasile.
His brother, Florea, said that he worked with Vasile in building the whirlpool: “We all worked here and the handymen sorted everything, those who knew how, the rest of us were simple laborers”.
Vasile’s wife, Floarea , said in her turn that they did not calculate the costs of the whirlpool and that it was a personal ambition of her husband’s.
“My husband was a handyman, he worked in all the houses as a painter and mason and, at one point, said ‘I’m not going anymore, I’m doing my own job”. They kept working on the whirlpool, the girls were in school, it wasn’t easy because nobody’s giving you money when you’re working for yourself”, said Floarea . Regarding the usefulness of the whirlpool, she said that it can wash anything from Persian rugs to “things they wear these days”.
“We go there with the basket, we throw them there, they don’t need to soak before, they don’t need detergent, it’s like an ecological washing machine. The clothes sit for about 15-20 minutes, depending on how dirty they are. People come usually around the holidays, people clean up then and the whirlpool is full. People come with carts, with wheelbarrows, with their cars.
They wash up real good, they get fresh, and if they’re made of wool they would normally leave hairs, but they’re like new if that water strikes them. We don’t have a fulling mill, there was one in Ibanesti, I think there’s one still. Before we would use to wash a lot of clothes, now they’re not used anymore, they sit in the women’s dowry chests, unused. There are some other whirlpools here, but smaller”, said Floarea.
Her sister-in-law, Lucretia explains that “you use a hook to take clothes out. We wash everything in the whirlpool every two weeks, because they need washing. Every two weeks we take the covers of the bed and wash them”, said Lucretia .
Seeing the success the whirlpool had amongst the women in the village, the two brothers have decided to build something for the men as well and as such, built another trough, near the whirlpool, to direct water to a mill wheel that powers a saw.
In the communes of Hodac and Ibanesti, on the Gurghiu River valley, two or three whirlpools still exist, but 30-40 years ago, around 70 used to exist, as owning one was a pretty profitable business.
Hodac commune is situated in the Gurghiu River valley, at an altitude of 650-700 meters, in the course of the Gurghiu and Isticeu rivers, at the bottom of the Gurghiu mountains, 48 kilometers away from Targu Mures, the local population being mostly concerned with woodworking, agriculture and animal husbandry, as well as crafting traditional items and agrotourism.
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